Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Most Secular Mughal in The History - Dara Shukoh

There was a Mughal Prince, who was considered as the most secular person of Mughal empire. He converted many Sanskrit Upnishads in Persian language. This Mughal Prince was Dara Shukoh also known as Dara Shikoh. Dara Shuko was killed by his brother Aurangzeb as he was considered heretic by his brother. Read this article to know more about this secular prince.
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Background of Dara Shukoh

Dara Shukoh was first son of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and Mumtaj Mahal. He was born on 11 march 1615 in Ajmer, Rajasthan. He was the favourite child of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

Dara Shukoh was married to Nadira Banu Begum on 1 february 1633 at agra. Unlike other Mughal princes, Dara Shikoh had only one wife with whom he had seven children.

Dara Shukoh in millitary

As per Mughal tradition, Dara Shukoh was appointed as millitary command at very age. He was appointed as millitary commnader in October 1633.

Dara Shikoh was declared as Vali-Ahad (The Prince) in 1633. He was promoted gradually in the army.

On 10th September 1642, Shah Jahan officially announced Dara Shikoh as his official heir.

In 1645, Dara Shukoh was appointed as the Subehdar of Allahabad and in 1648, he bacame governor of Gujarat. Later, in August 1652 was appointed as the governor of Kabul and Multan.

Dara Shikoh was also known as Shah-e-buland iqbal (King of good fortunes)

Secularism and Aesthete Nature of Dara Shukoh

Dara Shukoh was very attracted to Sufism. He had keen interest in knowing Hinduism too. In this process, He joined many Hindu saints.

Dara Shikoh wanted to establish a bridge between Islam and Hinduism. He wanted Vedes to reach as many people as possible.

Dara Shukoh gave equal importance and respect to Hindu Saints and Mulim Sufis.

Dara Shikoh wanted to learn Upnishads and later wanted to spread it's preaching and in the process he translated around 50 Upnishads in Persian from Sanskrit. He made many remarkable literary works in this field of speculation of Mystical religion.

He made friendship with the 7th Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai.

Dara Shikoh was fond of Art too. He had a collection of finest artistic works of that time, compiled in his album know as Dara Shokoh's Album.

Conflict Between Dara Shukoh and Aurangzeb

In 1657, Shah Jahan became ill and made Dara Shikoh, the governor of Bihar. After this, war of succession started between sons of Shah Jahan.

Among wall contenders, Aurangzeb and Dara Shikoh stand grant chance of winning the throne.

On 30 May 1658, Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shukoh in the battle of Samugarh then afterwards Aurangzeb went to Agra.

Shah Jahan, in spite being recovered from illness was captured by his son Aurangzeb for alleged wastage of treasury in incapability to rule.

On the other hand, After defeat Dara Shikoh went to met Shah Nawaz Khan, the governor of Gujarat province. Shah Nawaz Khan opened his treasury for him. Dara Shukoh with this money created an army.

This army won Surat. Dara Shikoh also got help from Maharaj Jaswant Singh of Ajmer.

Unfortunately, again on 11 March 1659, He was defeated by Aurangzeb in the battle of Deorai.

End of Dara Shukoh

Dara Shikoh after this defeat went to Sindh to become refugee under Malik Jiwan, an Afghan chief.

Malik Jiwan betrayed him and handed him over to Aurangzeb's army on 10 June 1659.

After capturing Dara Shukoh, Aurangzeb tied him on elephant and paraded him in Delhi. Aurangzeb did so because of two reasons, first, Dara Shikoh was very famous, so to dilute his image he did this, secondly, Aurangzeb wanted to create fear in the minds of his people.

Aurangzeb declared Dara Shukoh, non-islamic and considered him threat for the entire community . Afterwards, on 30th August Aurangzeb assassinated him by sending henchman to behead him .

This is all for now, I hope you liked reading about this secular Mughal Prince. For any queries and suggestion, feel free to comment down below.
Thank you.

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